• Home
  • |
  • About Us
  • |
  • Contact Us
  • |
  • Login
  • Subscribe

A descriptive report on child education and enrolment in Rajasthan

  • Written By अनुभा जैन, लेखिका पत्रकार on Tuesday, Jan 20,2022
Photo Credit Goes to Pexels

Though nationwide literacy is improving, however, Rajasthan has one of the lowest literacy rates in the country at 67.1% with the lowest female literacy rate of 52%. In context of primary education in Rajasthan, 24% of the state’s population falls in the age bracket of 6 and 14. The state has 105436 elementary schools.

Dausa district has a total of 874 primary schools, with an average of 2.1 teachers in each of these schools. However, as a point of concern, a majority of schools in Dausa have an enrolment rate of less than 50%. The state government of Rajasthan including many initiatives covers 192 million children in over 1.1 habitations.

But for the effective implementation of primary education programs, there are many obstacles, viz., insufficient funds and financing; with the gap of almost 50% always remaining in the budget being allotted and what the state asks for; for education grants, many steps are desired to get government’s final approval. Rajasthan is impacted terribly with this difficulty where up to 25% of schools are not getting maintenance grants or even receiving less amount for development; owing to the shortage of training institutes and lack of incentives the student-teacher ratio is critical. The target ratio in India is 30:1, with the average at 23; the lack of teachers’ attendance or availability of teachers is poor. As worrying trends this problem arose after the year 2010; Rajasthan state’s dropout ratio is also showing trend on the higher side.

The scenario of Girls' school enrolment in Rajasthan is very grim. The Annual Status Education Report (ASER) pointed out the sharp decline of girls’ enrolment in government schools. For every 1,000 boys, 857 girls were enrolled in 2009-2010 while in 2011 there was a huge decrease with only 538 girls being enrolled. Such decline is a cause of serious concern.

According to a non-profit organization CBGA 2020 data, “Rajasthan has 3.7 million girls in 14 -18 years age bracket. However, as per the recent National Statistical Office Survey, 26% of these children are out-of-school. Of the total out-of-school children 60% of those never enrolled are girls.”

As an alarming situation, Rajasthan is the second-worst performer in India with a 9.7% rate - almost double the national average. Kerala too has reduced the rate of girls’ school dropout ratio to a surprising 0.1%.

As per the records of UNICEF, in 2009, 80 lakh children from the 6 to 14 years age group were out of school. In just five years from 2000 to 2005 primary school enrolment increased by 13.7%. In 2011, 80% of children are enrolled in elementary schools in India. Through the passing of the Right to Education, the RTE Act government has achieved its goal of primary education for all of its children.

In 2016-17 total enrolments were over 12,152,105 and in Primary Schools, it was 1,749,985. The dropout rate was highest at 12% in grade I. Whereas, the dropout rate was 8% in grade V in the same 2016-17.

Factors like electricity and computers in Rajasthan come severely below the national average. And these factors required immediate action. While the state lags in the availability of playgrounds, and libraries too. In the drinking water facility, Rajasthan’s condition is fairly good. In this aspect of water provision for primary school children, Dausa is outperforming in comparison to the state as well as the nation.

As per the data of 2012-13 prepared by the Education Status Report, the enrolment in Primary classes (1st-5th) the ratio of girls to boys’ enrolment was 1.08% whereas in upper primary classes (6th-8th) the ratio of girls to boys’ enrolment was 1.04%. Boys’ enrolment was 48% with 2336104 students and 52% with 2530649 girls in primary classes. Similarly, boys’ enrolment was 49% with 1011239 boys’ students and 51% with 1055257 girls in primary classes.

According to UNICEF, the government of Rajasthan is doing efforts for more enrolment and to decrease the school dropout ratio. This includes implementing after-school programs, providing girls they need for a school for free, and acquainting people about education.